COLORISM- Prejudice or discrimination against individuals with a dark skin tone, typically among people of the same ethnic or racial group.

IMPLICIT BIAS- The attitudes or stereotypes that impact understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner. These biases, which encompass both favorable and unfavorable assessments, are activated involuntarily and without an individual’s awareness or intentional control.

INTERSECTIONALITY- The complex and cumulative way that the effects of different aspects of identity (such as race, sexual orientation, gender, and social class) combine, overlap, and intersect.

WHITE PRIVILEGE- The level of societal advantage that comes with being seen as the norm. Just by virtue of being a white person of any kind, you’re part of the dominant group which tends to be respected, assumed the best of, and given the benefit of the doubt.

Identity, personal bias, white privilege, colorism, and prejudice. ​These are concepts that are not easy to talk about, and often bring up strong feelings, including anger, guilt, and denial. In Module 2 of Anti-Racism Training, we are going to unpack them, reflect on how they impact you, and give you the tools to start making changes.
For the best experience, it is recommended that you view this content on a laptop or desktop computer. PLEASE HAVE POPUPS ENABLED. PDF handouts and other features may open in a new window to reduce disruption of the training module pages.
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facilitated by Ashley Heidebrecht, LMSW
Module 2

Terms to Know

Handouts

These PDF handouts are a supplemental tool for you to view, download, save, and utilize throughout this training and to use as a guide for continued learning and engaging with others.
**NOTICE** Due to the fact that we now have thousands of participants, it is possible that you may not receive a response to each of your journal entries. I encourage you to use the journals as a tool to process, and the facilitator will work to respond to as many as possible. If you are really struggling with difficult emotions, need help processing, or are in need of emotional or trauma support at any point during this training and you cannot wait for a response to your journal, please email driep.contact@gmail.com directly. 

Identifying Your Bias

In Module 1, we examined history and the creation of narratives and bias. Now it is time to look at how those narratives and bias impact you, your beliefs, and the way you view and interact with the world.

Implicit Association/Bias Tests

Why is participating in these tests important?  In order to get the most out of this training, you have to be willing to reflect on your own identity and beliefs. These implicit association tests are a jumping off point to do just that. Your results may surprise you. 
These activities require some hand dexterity to press keyboard keys quickly. If you are blind or low-vision, please note that the Implicit Association Tests may not be compatible with screed readers. If you are unable to complete these activities due to any of those reasons, we apologize and do ask that you please proceed to the next section of this module.
The tests you need to complete are:
Transgender
Sexuality
Gender-Career
Gender-Science
There may be additional survey questions before and after each test. These are not required for the purposes of this training, and you can click "skip" for each question if you do not want to participate. The total time to complete these tests will be approximately 20 minutes.

Optional Reflection

What was your experience like completing the Implicit Association Tests? Did you feel stressed? Anxious? What were your thoughts while reading your results? Were you surprised? Upset? Or, were your results what you expected? This reflection is a significant opportunity to share with other participants.
*Please note that everyone can read forum posts, however you can only create a post if you sign up. If you sign up to post, you will receive email notifications. If you do not wish to receive email notifications, you may click "Unsubscribe" at the bottom of any notification email.
There are many ways that our anti-LGBTQ+ narratives and bias transform into discrimination and abuse. In this video we'll be talking about some of those ways, and particularly examining health and mental health care. 
As you view the content in this section, there is a very important point I encourage you to keep in mind. LGBTQ+ people aren't the cause of this discrimination and abuse. The fact that they are LGBTQ+ isn't the problem. The problem is that our society's reaction to difference, to someone being outside the norm, is abusive and violent. The problem is that as a society it has historically been viewed as more acceptable to actively discriminate and dehumanize a person who does not conform to our rigid social norms, than it is for two men to have a loving partnership and raise children together, or a person born with male genitalia to identify and express themself as a woman.  While there is no doubt these paradigms are shifting, heteronormativity, homophobia, and transphobia still persist.  
Reflect back on that question that was posed in Module 1: Who has the right to tell you your existence is invalid?
Now let's look at personal stories outlining some of the many other ways our narratives and bias transform into discrimination and abuse. Listening to or seeing the lived experiences of others is a crucial part of not only becoming an ally, but also in better understanding ourselves. 
This year, in 2020, over 350 transgender people were killed worldwide, a figure that has risen since last year’s total of 331.

The annual global list is released for Transgender Day of Remembrance, held on November 20 each year. The list shows that this year the average age of those killed was 31, with the youngest just 15.

While a fifth (22%) of the transgender people murdered were killed inside their own house.

The majority of the murders happened in Central and South America, totaling 287. Like last year, the most deaths in a single country happened in Brazil, totaling 43% of global deaths (152 people).

In the United States and its territories, 37 murders have been counted. Please read their names below.

Dustin Parker

Neulisa Luciano Ruiz

Yampi Méndez Arocho

Scott/Scottlynn DeVore

Monika Diamond

Lexi

Johanna Metzger

Serena Angelique Velázquez Ramos

Layla Pelaez Sánchez

Penélope Díaz Ramírez

Nina Pop

Helle Jae O’Regan

Tony McDade

Dominique “Rem’mie” Fells

Riah Milton

Jayne Thompson

Selena Reyes-Hernandez

Brian “Egypt” Powers

Brayla Stone

Merci Mack

Shaki Peters

Bree Black

Summer Taylor

Marilyn Cazares

Dior H Ova

Queasha D Hardy

Aja Raquell Rhone-Spears

Lea Rayshon Daye

Kee Sam

Aerrion Burnett

Mia Green

Michelle Michellyn Ramos Vargas

Felycya Harris

Brooklyn Deshuna

Sara Blackwood

Angel Unique

Yunieski Carey Herrera

                                                                                                     (Human Rights Campaign, 2020) 

Narratives and Bias Cause Abuse

Optional Reflection

What were your initial reactions to this video? What feelings or thoughts did it bring up for you? What types of bias did you notice while watching? This is a great opportunity to share with the other participants.
*Please note that everyone can read forum posts, however you can only create a post if you sign up. If you sign up to post, you will receive email notifications. If you do not wish to receive email notifications, you may click "Unsubscribe" at the bottom of any notification email.

Lived Experiences

The following videos share personal experiences and discussion of identity of folks in the LGBT+ community. As you take in this content, be reflecting on your own identity.

Optional Reflection

Reflect on your own racial identity. Are there any experiences that you related to in the videos above?
Think about some of the discussion in the videos centered around colorism and privilege. In the racial group that you identify with, has the societal favoring of light colored skin ever impacted you? Were there any experiences from racial groups you don't belong to that surprised you, or that you had never considered before?
This is a great opportunity to share your thoughts with other participants.
*Please note that everyone can read forum posts, however you can only create a post if you sign up. If you sign up to post, you will receive email notifications. If you do not wish to receive email notifications, you may click "Unsubscribe" at the bottom of any notification email.

Privilege, Oppression, and Intersectionality

These videos will be discussing the concept of white culture, entitlement, and white privilege. After you have watched the videos, we recommend you review the PDF handout about "White Privilege" to give you more examples and narrative surrounding privilege.
The attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando has drawn attention to Muslim views of LGBT people and the challenges for LGBT Muslims. Muslim LGBT advocates say more help is needed from allies to fight anti-gay prejudice in their communities. (From June, 2016)
What are your thoughts about the concept of white culture, identity, and entitlement as they were discussed? What are your thoughts about the concept of white privilege?  You can share dialogue with other participants about these questions, or any other thoughts or experiences during this section of the module.
*Please note that everyone can read forum posts, however you can only create a post if you sign up. If you sign up to post, you will receive email notifications. If you do not wish to receive email notifications, you may click "Unsubscribe" at the bottom of any notification email.

Optional Reflection

Optional Journal Entry
This journal entry is a chance for you to record your personal thoughts about Module 2. This is also an opportunity for you to ask questions or seek clarification from the facilitator on any of the content from Module 2.
You must complete the short quiz below before moving to Module 3
Works Cited

Crenshaw, K. W. (1994). Mapping the margins. The public nature of private violence, 93-118.

McIntosh, P. (1988). White privilege and male privilege: A personal account of coming to see correspondences through work in women's studies. In M.L. Anderson & P.H. Collins (eds.) Race, class and gender:An  anthology (pp.76-87). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1992). Ecological systems theory. In R. Vasta (Ed.), Six theories of child development: Revised formulations and current issues (p. 187–249). Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Galupo, M. & Resnick, Courtney. (2016). Experiences of LGBT Microaggressions in the Workplace: Implications for Policy. 10.1007/978-3-319-29623-4_16.

Psychology Today. (2019). What is Bias? https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/bias

Brown Eyes, Blue Eyes Experiment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGvoXeXCoUY&feature=emb_title

Conversations on Race https://www.youtube.com/user/TheNewYorkTimes/search?query=conversations+on+race

Lessons in White Privilege from a Light-Skinned L’nu

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PksoJG-U0cw&feature=emb_title

The Borderland Rainbow Center under sponsor number 7798 has been approved by the Texas State Board of Social Worker Examiners to offer continuing education contact hours to social workers. The approved status of The Borderland Rainbow Center, Continuing Education Service expires annually on July 31.  If you hold a license in another State or discipline, it is not guaranteed that our content will meet your requirements.  We recommend that you check with your licensing body for any requirements and allowances.
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