InSource Module 1
facilitated by Ashley Heidebrecht, MSW
What does it mean to be anti-racist?
Module 1 of Anti-Racism Training will explore that question, and will unpack the relationship between historical events, institutional frameworks, the ideology of white supremacy, and how those things come together to construct the social norms, stereotypes, and bias which inform our perception and behavior.
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*IMPORTANT* Journal entries are no longer required to receive a password for the next module. We have resturctured to make this training more user friendly, with less opportunity for glitches. Please note there is a required quiz at the end of each module.

Introduction

Pre-Test

As previously disclosed, the data collected from this survey will be utilized to assess the impact of the training, identify demographics, inform research concerning training methodology, and may be utilized in future trainings and publications. Your name and contact information will not be shared. Please answer as honestly as possible.  No other participants will see your responses. 

Being non-racist is not the same thing as being anti-racist. Being non-racist means that you do not engage in overt racism (slurs, intentional discrimination, telling racist jokes, avoiding other races, etc.), but you also do not call out others when they do engage in those behaviors. Anti-racism means that you are actively against racism. It is the practice of opposing racism through focused and sustained actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism. Being anti-racist means that when you hear a family member tell a racist joke, you address it.  Being anti-racist means that if you observe someone being harassed or targeted in public because of their race that you intervene. To be an ally to people of color, you must be anti-racist.

This training is designed to provide education and awareness surrounding topics such as institutional racism and white privilege, and to promote constructive dialogue.  These topics are difficult and may bring up feelings of defensiveness, guilt, and even anger. These feelings are a normal response, and they mean that you are processing and changing, and that is a great thing.

What is Anti-Racism?

Terms to Know

The goal of Module 1 is to give you a historical context, and make the connection between history, and our present day belief systems and bias. It is important that you understand some of the terms we will be using. This PDF guide of important terms will help you as you move though this training. You can save it, print it, and review it as you need to. These terms may be completely new to you, or you may already be familiar with them. Even if you are already familiar with these terms, this guide can be a useful tool when discussing these topics with others. You're going to be hearing many of them often throughout this training, so it is important to familiarize yourself with them. A few terms are highlighted on this page, as they are crucial to Module 1.

Module 1 Terms

INSTITUTIONAL RACISM- A pattern of social institutions (governmental organizations, schools, banks, and courts of law) giving negative treatment to a group of people based on their race, having a disproportionately negative effect on racial minorities’ access to and quality of goods, services, and opportunities.

JIM CROW LAWS- Laws and social rules, enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States. They mandated racial segregation in all public facilities in states of the former Confederate States of America, starting in 1890 with a "separate but equal" status for African Americans, and continued until 1965.

MARGINALIZED- Relegated to an unimportant or powerless position within a society or group.

RACIST- A person who shows or feels discrimination or prejudice against people of other races, based on a belief that their own race is superior.

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS- An idea within a particular culture or society which exists solely because people agree to behave as if it exists or agree to follow certain conventional rules.

STEREOTYPES- A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person.

WHITE SUPREMACY- The belief that white people are superior to all other races and should therefore dominate society.

Reflection

As you move to the next segment of this module, reflect on this question: Do you think these historical events, rules, and laws still impact our society today? What are your thoughts after viewing these videos? 

A Brief History

Race is a social construct. A social construct is an idea within a particular culture or society which exists solely because people agree to behave as if it exists or agree to follow certain conventional rules. It is an idea that has been created and accepted by the people in a society.  The idea of white supremacy is also a social construct, and was largely created in the United States to drive the institution of capitalism through the use of slavery when the Indigenous population did not capitulate to European colonization and forced labor. Constructing the idea of differences in race and white/Anglo as the superior group allowed for the justification of slavery, denial of human rights, and abuse.
Let's view this video about how the social construct of race was created.
In these videos, we'll be discussing some of the historical events in the United States which outline our history of racism. These videos may contain sensitive images. You may watch the videos in this cluster in any order.  

A Simple Summary of Institutional Racism

Before we start to break down the foundations of institutional racism and how it takes shape today, let's watch this simple overview explanation to give us a framework for thought moving forward.

Connecting the Dots: History to Present Day Social Narratives 

Do you think our history matters?  What was used to build our foundation supports the whole house in which we live.

The Reality of "Law and Order": Mass Incarceration

Mass incarceration is one of many examples that demonstrates the link between history and present day.

Reflection

Reflect on the discussion about history, our foundational structures, the "red lining" of families of color out of opportunity for economic advancement, the connection between poverty, educational opportunity, and incarceration. Are you able to see those connections? 

Maintaining the Status Quo: Using Propaganda to Create Stereotypes and Bias

These videos look at the process of creating the narratives which drive continued discrimination and abuse.
**These videos contain images of propaganda art and images displaying violence **

Reflection

Now that you have viewed all of the content for Module 1, how much do you believe our history informs people's beliefs and behavior today?  What information in this module stood out to you or impacted you the most?
Optional Journal Entry
This journal entry is a chance for you to record your personal thoughts about Module 1. This is also an opportunity for you to ask questions or seek clarification from the facilitator on any of the content from Module 1. Your entry will only be visible to you and the training facilitator. 
You must complete the short quiz below before moving to Module 2

Works Cited

https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery

Nell Painter: The History of White People

Walter Mignolo Darker Side of Western Modernity

Matthew Frye Jacobson Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the alchemy of race

Cheryl Harris “Whiteness as Property”

Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze On reason: rationality in a world of cultural conflict and racism

Fredrickson, G. M. 1987. The Black Image in the White Mind. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press.

Smedley, A. 1993 (1999). Race in North America: Origin and Evolution of a Worldview. Boulder: Westview Press.

Stepan, Nancy. 1982. The Idea of Race in Science. London: Macmillan.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/17/us/irish-slaves-myth.html

https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/02/10/why-has-race-survived/

"race, n.6". OED Online. January 2018. Oxford University Press. http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/157031?... (accessed March 12, 2018)

https://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-reiss-race-sleep-gap-20170423-story.html

https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2017/oct/11/counting-up-how-much-nra-spends/

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/11/us/politics/domestic-terrorism.html

https://time.com/4106381/nra-1871-history/

https://www.npr.org/2017/10/10/556578593/the-nra-wasnt-always-against-gun-restrictions

https://time.com/4779112/police-history-origins/

How the U.S. Stole Thousands of Native American Children https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGqWRyBCHhw&feature=emb_title

Racist History of Illegal Immigration https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXFdk0SvYXU&feature=emb_title

Racism in American Housing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8ypTwwQLdE&feature=emb_title

Disturbing history of American Medicine https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9tAauiPGOjI&feature=emb_title

100 Years Ago Mexicans saw Racial Terror https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHrAAnvW5f8&feature=emb_title

Ugly History Japanese Internment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hI4NoVWq87M&feature=emb_title

Environmental Racism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrbeuJRPM0o&feature=emb_title

Systemic Racism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YrHIQIO_bdQ&feature=emb_title

Mass Incarceration https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u51_pzax4M0&feature=emb_title

The New Jim Crow Museum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yf7jAF2Tk40&feature=emb_title

The Borderland Rainbow Center under sponsor number 7798 has been approved by the Texas State Board of Social Worker Examiners to offer continuing education contact hours to social workers. The approved status of The Borderland Rainbow Center, Continuing Education Service expires annually on July 31.  If you hold a license in another State or discipline, it is not guaranteed that our content will meet your requirements.  We recommend that you check with your licensing body for any requirements and allowances.
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