In reflecting on what my motivation is to adopt anti-racist thinking and action I have felt guilt and shame. However I have been able to translate the guilt and shame into real empathy for those who are oppressed. From empathy can then come interactions with other white people with an open heart that will enable me to also empathize with them. My assumption is that there are very few mean people in the world. Most of us have just learned a way of being and if they can become more empatjhic they too can help change the world.