Whenever I hear people saying that all Americans have the same opportunities and that everyone can "pull themselves up by their bootstraps" to create a better life, I think of all of these inequalities covered in this module. The facts are that the playing field is unfair. Institutionalized racism is in play for all minorities. Save your money and buy a house? Much easier said than done for some citizens. They do not have the same employment opportunities that white Americans do so most earn much less to save. On top of that, lending practices due to redlining and underlying biases make the dream unreachable. Bootstraps are a way to dismiss the inequities faced by many of our citizens. I appreciate seeing all of these shameful moments in our history collected together. It is a history we must face in order to move forward.