It is appalling that a country that rhetorically supports liberty, justice, and freedom continues to ignore the inequities of opportunity that permeate our society. For example, even though Brown vs. Board of Education outlawed de jure segregation of schools in 1954, de facto segregation persists in many schools today (see articles such as "How Much Wealthier are White School Districts than Non-White Ones? $23 Billion, Report Says" (NYT, 2/27/19) - https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/27/education/school-districts-funding-white-minorities.html and "Why are American Schools Still Segregated" (The Atlantic, 11/5/13) - https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2013/11/why-are-american-schools-still-segregated/281126/). The relationship between educational inequity, red-lining, discrimination in employment, and mass incarceration seems self-evident. Although I'm not an economist, it seems that these problems are costly for our society as a whole. Yet, at least until now, it seems that vested interests are more interested in maintaining the status quo.