My key take-away within Module 1's section on the origins of Racism: >>“Racism still occupies the throne of our nation.” The Rev Dr Martin Luther King Jr. Meaning: we have not solved, fixed, repaired the roots of racism, and what we see, today. Here’s my “why”— based on all the racism’s root-parameters presented in Module 1 - from economic to social injustice underpinnings: >>When my child was taking US History in middle school, and the section came up on the US Civil War, the class studied Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. Lincoln’s brief address would be remembered as one of the most important speeches in American history. In it, he invoked the principles of human equality contained within the Declaration of Independence; and connected the sacrifices of the Civil War with the desire for “a new birth of freedom.” The reflection question: did the Civil War usher in the promise of human equality? My kid’s reflection was no — human equality in the US is not yet realized. We painfully see human inequality in the very public, very painful images of how blacks and people of color are treated by white racists — like the death of Ahmaud Arbery on Feb 23, shot to death. Like how blacks and people of color are treated by law enforcement: George Floyd, killed by ex-Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, [who arrested on Friday, May 29 and charged with third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter in the death of George Floyd.] Racism’s effects, impact and shockwaves accumulate over time. Some of its effects are altered—as in the case of the passage of civil rights legislation. But, are they solved/fixed/repaired? As we look at all of the ways that racism still permeates our society — in immigration, economic policies, environmental racism, the way that people of color are treated by the legal/law enforcement systems — they are not fixed. They are broken. They are not erased.